- One of the warriors, mostly Danish, who manned the standing fleet maintained by English kings from Aethelred to Edward the Confessor. They were paid by means of the *heregeld, and were stationed at London. [< OldEngl. lid = a fleet + man]
Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. Christopher Coredon with Ann Williams.
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Butescarl — Lit. a boat carl . A fighting sailor. Much like the *huscarl, the butescarl was a professional soldier but one who fought on a ship, as marines did in the 18c English navy. The term could also indicate the man was a mercenary. Cf. Lithesman;… … Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Cinque Ports — Five ports on the south coast of England: Hastings, Sandwich, Dover, Romney, Hythe; to these Rye and Winchelsea were later added. They provided the early English navy. This was most likely initiated by Edward the Confessor some time before 1066.… … Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Heregeld — Lit. army geld . Tax imposed by Aethelred the Unready and his successors to pay for the lithesmen who manned the ships in the king s service. It was discontinued in 1051 by Edward the Confessor but reimposed by William I. At the time it was the… … Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Scipflota — A sailor; also a pirate. Cf. Butescarl; Lithesman … Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases
Stipendarius — Latin word used by AnNor. chroniclers for a mercenary. [< Lat. stipendium = wages] Cf. Lithesman … Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases